conservation of the environment and the forest has
exercised the minds of Indian rulers from the earliest
the 3rd century BC, the Emperor Ashoka issued edicts
to protect forests and natural wealth. Later during
the region of the Emperor Chandragupta Maurya, "forests
free from fear" were identified and protected.
In more recent times, it was the administration and
princely rules that demarcated and reserved forests
as private preserves.
many of these form the nucleus of India's wildlife sanctuaries
and parks. The demands of rapidly increasing population
continue to put pressure on surviving forests in India.
Vast herds of black buck, that roamed the northern and
western plains 50 years ago, are now found only in sanctuaries
and around the villages of the Bishnoi tribe, who protect
Project Tiger initiated in 1973, is today a massive
attempt at the conservation of the tiger and its total
environment. It covers 23 National Parks and Sanctuaries
and its success can be gauged from the fact that the
number of tigers in India has gone up significantly
since the project was launched.
currently, has around 80 National Parks and 441 Sanctuaries
dotted around the country. While some are inaccessible
many have excellent facilities for visitors.
its own excitement. It may be done from elephant - back,
from watch towers or even a boat - and the thrill of
spotting herds of wild elephant, deer, a rhino or even
a tiger, in its natural environment, is very difficult