Like in all ancient civilizations, the earliest human
settlements in India sprung up around its magnificent
rivers. Few rivers of the world have moulded the culture,
economy and personality of the people dwelling on
their banks as the river Ganga has. Cutting straight
across Bihar from west to east, the bounteous Ganga
nurtured a veritable fountainhead of political and
cultural civilizations, on its shores, down the millennia.
Here, kingdom after kingdom rose and fell, leaving
their indelible mark on history. Rival kings fought
legendary battles, devastating the land and people.
Yet, by some strange alchemy, the same land saw the
birth of some of the most noble and progressive religious
teachers like the Buddha, Mahavira and Guru Gobind Singh.
Then came the Muslims, ruling with panache for five
centuries, to be eliminated in turn, by the powerful
British, who ruled till the middle of this century
Patna, Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Rajgir, Vaishali
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