India, with an area of 3.3 million sq. km, is a subcontinent.
The peninsula is separated from mainland Asia by the
The country lies between 8° 4' and 37° 6'
north of the Equator and is surrounded by the Bay
of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west
and the Indian Ocean to the south.
The Himalayas form the highest mountain range in
the world, extending 2,500 km over northern India.
Bounded by the Indus river in the west and the Brahmaputra
in the east, the three parallel ranges, the Himadri,
Himachal and Shivaliks have deep canyons gorged by
the rivers flowing into the Gangetic plain.